The change in sea level will affect Sweden

– Tobias Hedin

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Mälaren

In a report from October 2012, scientists describe the results from a study about the Swedish coastal municipalities’ preparations for the expected rise of the sea level. 23 of the 33 municipalities that participated had a plan which extends until 2100. Almost one third of the participating municipalities had no plan at all. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) sent out a draft report stating that the rise of the sea level will be somewhere between 30 centimetres and one meter. We will have to think outside the box to protect our cities from being flooded. Some people suggest moving whole cities; others think that one solution is to embank them.

Lake Mälaren is Sweden’s third largest lake. The water is brackish from which 2 million people get their drinking water. With a rise of the sea level, Lake Mälaren risks to get mixed with sea water, contributing to flooding of Mälardalen. This will have a big effect on the infrastructure in the area. Also healthcare, central heating, drain and other social functions will be affected.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Monitors the changes in sea level via their satellites and they report on their website, an annual rise of the sea level with 3.4 millimetres.

 

References

http://www.svt.se/nyheter/vetenskap/sa-kan-havsnivan-forandra-sverige

http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:563705/FULLTEXT01.pdf

https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg1/WG1AR5_Chapter13_FINAL.pdf

http://www.ekero.se/Global/Kommun_och_politik/Informationsmaterial/Broschyr_om_malaren.pdf

https://www.msb.se/sv/Forebyggande/Naturolyckor/Oversvamning/Oversvamning-iMalaren/

https://sealevel.nasa.gov/

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